TRIBES OF ASSAM. Long ignored by the outside world, an important landmark in the history of the Kuki people was the arrival of missionaries and the spread of Christianity among the Kukis. Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal (2nd Left) along with Tea Tribes Welfare Minister of Assam Pallab Lochan Das ( left), MLA's and other officials launching the Trophy of Chief Minister's Tea- Tribes Football Tournament, at Deshbhakta Tarunram Phookan Indoor Stadium. Dimasa means “Children of the Big River” Dilao (the Bhramaputra River actually). Mising women are renowned for their weaving art, crafting shawls and blankets among beautiful other handlooms. According to tradition, a man is tattooed on his four limbs and his entire face, with the exception of certain regions around the eyes and the lips. But the tea tribes were left out. The traditional religion of the Karbis is animistic, however in modern times, a small percentage of the Karbis have adopted the Vaishanava and other Hindu faiths, and a few follow the tenets of Christianity. These peoples already have ST status in the states they originally came from — in Assam, they are clubbed together as ‘Tea garden labourers, Tea garden tribes, Ex-Tea garden labourers & Ex-Tea garden tribes’. Assam being a land of composite culture reflects a chain of festivals of different tribes throughout the year. The main occupation of the Tai Phake people is agriculture and fishing. Garo, 5. Mising tribe moved to Arunachal Pradesh during the 8th century, actually coming from Northern territories through world’s highest lake : Manasa Sarovar. Thus Bushu is an occasion for relaxation from hard work and is termed as harvesting festival or a festival of rejoicing and merry makinliving mostly in Dima Hasao in Assam, they are also met in several other districts of Assam, as well as in Nagaland and Manipurg. The leaves are then placed in the hollow tube of a bamboo, and the cylinder will be exposed to the smoke of the fire. It is also found in the states of Bengal, Assam. Their languages too differ according to their place of origin. Several itineraries bring you to Majuli, where you can interact with the Mising, the Kachari and Deori people. Tea garden voters constitute a major chunk of Assam’s electorates but … The hilly tracks of Assam are mostly inhabited by the tribes of Mongolian origin. They historically live in the upper plains or hinterland of the Brahmaputra Valley. Rubuthum is the most important of all the ceremonies during which they worship nature. That the Bodo-Kacharis were early colonizers of the river valleys is taken from the fact that most of the rivers in the Brahmaputra valley today carry Tibeto-Burman names—Dibang, Dihang, Dikhou, Dihing and others, where Di- means water in Dimasa dialect of Tibeto-Burman speaking language. They are known as tea and ex-tea garden tribes, who are recognized as Other Backward Classes (OBC) by the Government. Enviroment and materials. The Sakachep celebrate different festivals which are connected with the worshiping of different gods and goddess during the year. Madani, 9.Mahalia, 10. Abhor: These tribes are found in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. Major tribes of Assam earn their livelihood through agriculture and by selling their handicrafts. The main festival of Mishing tribe is, Residing in Dirugarh and Tinsukia district of Assam, along Dihing river. Most of them are engaged in rice cultivation, tea plantation and poultry farming. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. They speak Assamese language as well as Phake language. Abujmaria Known variously as Abudjamadis, Abujmariya and Hill Maria, these tribes are found in the geographically inaccessible areas of Abujhmar Mountains and Kutrumar Hills in the Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh.They speak a Dravidian language called Abujmaria.The Hill Maria tribes are considered as a … The Deori live along the Brahmaputra River, they are primarily located in the states of Assam, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh. Santhal Tribe. These peoples already have ST status in the states they originally came from — in Assam, they are clubbed together as ‘Tea garden labourers, Tea garden tribes, Ex-Tea garden labourers & Ex-Tea garden tribes’. The other half have been converted to Christianity since the 1950s. The Sonowal Kacharis belong to the Mongoloid race of people. Tantis, Kurmis, Karmakar, Telis and other castes are also present among them. The Tea-tribes, also called Adivasi, are the tribal people who were brought into Assam by the British colonial planters as indentured labourers from the Chhota Nagpur Plateau region during the British raj. We also want a separate autonomous council for the tea tribes. The people of Dimasa ... Ojapali, Devdasi, and Satriya are the major dancing styles of Assam. Negritos, Dravidians, Alpines, Tibeto Burmese and Aryans were the major races that made a settlement in Assam. Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu, Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu and Kati Bihu or Kongali Bihu are celebrated by the Sonowal Kacharis with great enthusiasm. The Karbis form one of the major tribal groups of North-east India. This dance form doesn’t have its origin in Assam. According to 2011 census Assam population religion wise, Hindu is the major religion with 61% of population, followed by Muslim with 34%. Based on their pattern of distribution or habitation, the Karbi are divided into three groups: Chinthong, Ranghang and Amri. The tribes join to celebrate Rongali Bihu. in Jharkhand. Assam’s major tribes are bodo, miching, karbi, deuri, sonowal kachari , rabha_hasong etc.. The Assam Tribune reported in 2009 that the tribal communities of Assam now officially account for 15.64 percent of the total population. And because of geographic unity and acceptability to change and mix, they added quintessence to Assamese folk music, thus forming the soul of it. The Sumis practised headhunting like other Naga tribes before the arrival of the Christian missionaries and the subsequent conversion of the tribe’s people to Christianity. The vast majority speak Assamese as their mother tongue and their religion share many elements with Assamese Hinduism. Today they constitute a large part of Assam population accounting to around 5.3%. Mishing people found the most fertile land on the banks of River Brahmaputra and settled on sides of the river. Jhumur – A Dance Style of Tea Tribes . As Saikia (2008: 321) points out: They live in almost every district of Assam but their density varies according to the number of tea plantations in different regions of Assam. Mishing people found the most fertile land on the banks of River Brahmaputra and settled on sides of the river. As is its varied landforms, the state of Assam homes a number of diverse tribes of people. They live in almost every district of Assam but their density varies according to the number of tea plantations in different regions of Assam. The Bodo speak in a Tibeto-Burmese language and they read and write in Devanagari. The Karbis form one of the major tribal groups of North-east India. The Deori tribe belongs to the Sino-Tibetan family of Mongoloid stock (as is generally the case of the people of northeast India). These five minority tribes are clubbed together as “unrepresented tribes” mentioned in the above recommendation. Tai Aitons are one among the six Indigenous Tai communities of Assam. It is also found in the states of Bengal, Assam. The Mising, an Indo-Mongoloid group formerly referred to as Miris, are the second largest ethnic group in Assam. These tours have been designed and developed based on our on-ground team’s real discoveries and expeditions in the northeastern states and beyond. Public feasting and elaborate dances are organized to mark this festival. Bodo. On the other hand village Rabhas have merged with local Hindus as far as their religious practices are concerned. Some are famous for handloom and some have mastered in metal of pottery works. The Tea-tribes are found mainly in the districts of Darrang, Sonitpur, Nagaon, Jorhat, Golaghat, Dibrugarh, Cachar, Hailakandi, Karimganj Tinsukia and almost all the districts of Assam in India. It is one of the major sub castes of the Gondtribal group. People belonging to the tea tribes communities are spread all over the State of Assam. Specifically speaking their homes are located in the districts of Bankura and Purulia. They are not restricted to any specific area and are found in almost all parts of Assam. Sonowal, 16.Sutiya, 17. Here is a list of the traditional dresses of the major tribes that reside in Assam. The Sonowal Kacharis are one of the royal dynasties of the Northeast and are one of a branch of great Bodo-Kacharis, a major tribal community in Assam. The houses of the Tai Phakes are built on piles of wood above the ground using materials like takau leaves, timber and bamboo. They are of Australian and Dravidian species. Dimasa. Different types of tribes are famous for variety of handicrafts. The Adivasis comprise 18% of Assam’s population. They later migrated down the course of tributaries feeding into the Brahmaputra to the Assam plains in search of a more economically viable life in the fertile riverbanks. The Constitution of India categorizes the tribes of Assam into two groups: Scheduled Tribes (Hills) and Scheduled Tribes (Plains). Racially the Karbis belong to the Mongoloid group and linguistically to the Tibeto-Burman group. Major tribes are. Presently they live in small pockets in Upper Assam along with the Turungand Khamyang people. These are 2 itineraries you can follow to meet them : The Rabhas are one of the nine Scheduled Tribes in the plains districts of Assam and are widely scattered but mostly concentrated on Goalpara, Kamrup, and Darrang. Let us discuss four major tribal groups in India: 1. Some Major Tribes of North Eastern India are :- 1.BODO TRIBE The Bodo Tribe is a vast tribe and shares a good number of populations in Assam. They depend on agriculture and livestock for their living and are great hunters. The Bodos originate from the edges of the Brahmaputra valley and they are amongst the most progressive tribes in India. Dimasa, 3. A portion of Sonowal Kacharis still follow the ancient religion of animism, where nature is seen to be alive with invisible forces, minor deities, and spirits with which priests and medicine men mediate. Some live in Jaintia hills in Meghalaya and the Peren district in Nagaland. Mishing Tribe of Assam. But the tea tribes were left out. 54,993 Buddhists and 25,949 Jains are living in Assam at the time of 2011 census. The Bodo are a people mostly living in Assam in India, mainly in the north region of the Brahmaputra River Valley. The largest population in Assam is of the Tibeto Burmese origin like the Bodo tribe and Mishing tribe. The Karbis, along with others entered Assam from Central Asia in one of the first waves of migration. Bihus are the main festival of the Sonowal Kacharis. cold and cloudy. They are of Australian and Dravidian species. Their culture and traditions along with their language is very unique for the outsiders as they really wonder about the Assamese of this north eastern state. Festivals are great occasions to live peoples culture from the inside and better understand what they believe, how they live and share and also have fun. Their population totals about 3,500 of which only a small minority speak the native Tai Khamyang language. Hajong, 6. On a fullmoon day in February, they celebrate the Poi Mai-ko-chum-fai festival, where countless small piles of wood and hay are constructed on the banks of a sandy river and then set on fire by the people after prayers are initiated by monks in the evening. The Khelma tribe is one of the smallest tribes in the Old Kuki community. The Bodos are one of the most prominent tribes of Assam and belong to the Bodo-Kachari clan. Tipra- Jamatia, Bru , Mogs, Uchai, Noatia, Debbarma. 26th Dec, 2020. Are you searching for some core information about the Mishing tribe of Assam? All tribes has their own music hence, indigenous musical instruments, used in different festivals. They speak Assamese language as well as Phake language. As a result, the population now is predominantly Vaishnawi. The Santhal tribes are a major tribe of West Bengal. Hojai(Dimasa), 7. And because of geographic unity and acceptability to change and mix, they added quintessence to Assamese folk music, thus forming the soul of it. The traditional economy of the Rabhas in general, is based on agriculture, forest based activities and weaving. Buddha Purnima, the birthday of Lord Buddha in the month of May is also a major festival of the Tai Phakes. This festival is celebrated among the tribes known as the Karbis. Important Tribal Communities/ Ethnic groups in Assam. Music is an important component of … Dimasa Tribe . ID: RF3CGD (RM) Guwahati, Assam, India. The speak Bodo language that is derived Tibeto Burmese family of language. Addressing a huge gathering on the occasion of the 70th death anniversary of Jyoti Prasad Agarwala observed in the state as Silpi Divas, Bhattacharya said there is an … Assamese language is used as the lingua franca by almost all the tribes. warm and humid. Bodo Kachari. The Bodos basic occupation is agriculture and they still use traditional methods of farming and irrigation. It is one of the oldest and major tribes among the Naga tribe. Mishing. Vernacular architecture of Tripura. The main source of livelihood for the Mising is agriculture, some fish and some make tools, and household utilities from bamboo. Since hills tribes living in the plains and plains tribes living in the hills in large numbers are not recognised as scheduled tribes in the respective places, the census data may not reflect the correct figures. Though their production was great, frequent floods prevented them from climbing the economic ladder. Bison Horn Maria: one of the well-known tribal groups. cool and humid. They inhabit districts of Tinsukia, Sibsagar, Sonitpur, Jorhat and Golaghat. Among the religious festivals of the Bodos, the Kherai is the most famous and the biggest of all their festivals. Sonowal, while speaking at the 73rd foundation day of the Assam Tea Tribes Students' Association (ATTSA), said that within three months of coming to power in the state, his government had organised 'Sahodor' programme with over 70 … Assam is the highest producer of tea in the country and one of the highest producers in the world. According to the 2001 census, the Scheduled Tribes population as in percentage of the total population of Assam was 12.4 percent. They are considered to be experts of bamboo and cane craft, bamboo being the principle material of house building in the Bodo villages. We use cookies for fundamental functionalities and for analytics. The Singpho produce their tea by plucking the tender leaves and drying them in the sun and exposing to the night dew for three days and nights. It marks the beginning of new year in the Thai calendar. It is believed that one has to perform the ceremony to bring peace in the family. Assam is the home to a variety of racial stocks such as Monogrid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian, and Aryan. The Adivasi ‘Tea Tribes’, comprising 96 sub-groups, are largely of Chhotanagpur origin who were brought to Assam by the British to work in tea plantations from the mid-19th century. They live mostly in the northern half of the Dima Hasao District, an administrative district of the Indian state of Assam that includes the ravines of the Jatinga valley and adjoining land. The Singpho also depended on yams and other edible tubers as their staple food. Major tribes among them are the Munda tribe followed by Santhals, Kurukh, Gonds, Kharia, Saora, Bhumij, Kui Kanda, Chik Baraik, and Gowalas. They mainly inhabit in the areas of Assam’s Dima Hasao, Cachar and Karbi Anglong districts. Proud old lady of the Deori tribe, Major Deori village, Assam, India, Asia. The major Tribes of Assam are Bodo they are one of the oldest tribes of Assam with a population of 5.3% of total people, Karbi tribes who generally resides in hilly areas of Assam, Phake Tribes who resides in Dirugarh and Tinsukia district of Assam and the Mishing Tribe. In India, under Schedule V of the constitution, the Indian Constitution has acknowledged its tribal communities. The Kiratas were also mentioned in the ancient literatures. Based on an 1881 census, there were 19 groups within the Kachari classification: 1. In addition to traditional festivals like … We also want a separate autonomous council for the tea tribes. They came to Assam far back in the 16th-17th century from the east crossing the Patkai hills. All tribes has their own music hence, indigenous musical instruments, used in different festivals. The Gobha king has his mention in the Assamese colonial literature since the early 18th century, as an important mediator in trade between Ahom dominated plains, i.e. Weaving is a tradition handed down through generations in Nagaland and each tribe has their own intricately designed costumes, headgear and jewellery. When the Vedic Aryan people came to Assam, they encountered these communities. In addition to traditional festivals like Karam and Sahrai, Santhali dance and music is a major attraction. Culture. They made Assam there home and came to be known as Asamese. They inhabit districts of Tinsukia, Sibsagar, Sonitpur, Jorhat and Golaghat. If it is happening to you, t hen don’t need to worry, because I am here to help you with this case. The Khasi Tribe: The Deori or Deuri are one of the major ethnic tribes of arunachal pradesh and assam, India. In this way, their tea can be kept for years without losing its flavor. The Assamese culture is a rich and exotic tapestry of all these races and has evolved over a long assimilative process. Addressing a huge gathering on the occasion of the 70th death anniversary of Jyoti Prasad Agarwala observed in the state as Silpi Divas, Bhattacharya said there is an … The word Poumai springs from 2 word "Pou" means ascendent and "Mai" means the descendants of "Pou" which referred to as Poumai. They dwell in isolated enclaves of Narayanpur, Bastar. Solar project | BJP accused of taking Assam tribes’ lands . Tribes of Assam are often recognised as the first inhabitants of the land who belong to various tribal groups. Assamese language is used as the lingua franca by most of the tribes. Unlike most hill-people, shifting or jhum cultivation is not as widely practiced by the Singphos, although tea is widely planted. Bodo People were one … They speak Phake language (similar to that of Shan) among themselves and speak Assamese with an outsider. Tea garden voters constitute a major chunk of Assam’s electorates but … This is around the same time as Baisakhi. These three festivals run parallel to the Bihu festival. However, it is argued that until and unless the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 is amended, the socio-economic condition of the tea tribes cannot be improved by simply granting them ST status. The celebrations are held in the month of April. This festival is celebrated among the tribes known as the Karbis. The Rabhas traditionally are animist, however, today their faith is a blend of some Hindu and a few animistic rituals. Boro, 2. Tai Phake. Bodo People were one of the earliest tribes to move to Assam. Nagaland is populated by 16 major tribes and many more sub tribes, namely, the Angami, Ao, Konyak, Liangmai and Tangkhul. The minority tribes include the Hajong, Koch, Rabha, Boro and Mann. They are also seen in parts of Bihar, Odisha, and Assam and are the largest tribe in Jharkhand. Bodo Women engage themselves in weaving which has become a known culture of Bodo Tribe. The seasonal festivals are Baisagu, Domashi, and Katrigacha. The Khamti, or Tai Khamti, are a sub-group of the Shan people found in theSagaing Division, Hkamti District in northwestern Burma as well as Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh in India. The Deori are unusual in that they have managed to maintain their tribal identity by keeping themselves free from racial intermixture and intermarriage with other Bodo tribes. Major tribes are. Missionary activity had considerable social, cultural and political ramifications. Tiwa people are closely associated with the principality of “Gobha” – their king whose territory covers more or less the Tiwa cultural realm. Today, the Deori are largely Hindu, with the remainder being Buddhists or ethnic religionists, who practice the ancient religions and traditions. They are mentioned as Mikir in the constitution of India. Assam became the settling ground for many civilizations who came here through different routes as it was connected by land to many states and country. The women adorn themselves with necklaces and bangles, along with some light tattooing as well. Three Bihus, i.e. We create real immersive experiences which allows deep connections with locals. Each of these tribes has its own unique culture, tradition, lifestyle and clothing. The Tai Phake people were believed to have migrated from the Shan kingdom, Myanmar and settled in the rich south bank of the Dihing river in Assam in the 18th century. Deori Tribes: Deori tribe is a major part of tribal community of Assam. The largest population in Assam is of the Tibeto Burmese origin like the Bodo tribe and Mishing tribe. Assam Population by Religion. Each of these tribes has its own unique culture, tradition, lifestyle and clothing. The Dimasa people or Dimasa-Kachari are part of the greater Kachari group, one of the ancient Kachari tribes. Chief sub caste of ethnic community called Gond. The spread of English education introduced the Kuki People to the modern era. Joydam Festival is another major festival observed every year in the month of February. The grant of ST status to these communities will make Assam a tribal-majority State. Mech, 11. The acceptance of Christianity marked a departure from ancestral customs and traditions. Wandering deep into the state, let us have a look at the artistic dresses of few of the major tribes that reside in Assam. Major tribes. Guwahati, India. Lake DriveGS RoadUmsaw Nongkharai VillageNongpoh 793102Ri Bhoi district, Meghalaya [email protected] Whatsapp/Phone: +91-9899020227. Go To Assam Geography Notes & Study Materials                            Go To APSC Sociology Notes & Study Materials. The major issue is that in the last few decades, the tea tribe community in Assam has continued to languish in severe underdevelopment. The Rabhas like to live in compact blocks having 50-100 families. Plains Tiwas live on the flat lands of the Southern bank of the Brahmaputra valley, mostly in Morigaon, Nagaon and Kamrup districts. The groups – Moran, Muttock, Koch Rajbongshi, Tai Ahom, Sutia and the Adivasi or tea tribes – have been demanding that they be accorded Scheduled Tribes status and raise a Slogans of “No ST, no rest”. Some other regions where the can be spotted are parts of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, and Assam. Rongker is a major festival of Assam. It's as if people cross the threshold to come together with festive abandon and momentarily forget their tough lives. Phulgaria, 14. [2] Various other indigenous communities of Assam were all tribes but were later attained non-tribal status through proselytization like the Ahoms, Morans, Motak, Keot(Kaibarta), Sutiya, Koch Rajbongshi etc.

major tribes of assam 2021