They are very dense clouds that soar up to a height of about 15 – 22 km. These clouds can be so huge that their bases start at only 1,000 feet above the ground with a top of 39,000 feet! Usage Examples. They are also called thunderheads because of their unique shape. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. They have the potential to grow and form a Supercell cloud, which can be the most rigorous of thunderstorms. The anvil or mushroom shape is caused due to the strong wind shear or warm air turbulence when the cloud reaches the troposphere. The cumulonimbus base may extend several kilometres across and occupy low to middle altitudes - formed at altitude from approximately 200 to 4,000 m (700 to 10,000 ft). Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. A few seconds later, you hear the rumble and crash of thunder as it shakes the windows in your house. As a result, the upper tropospheric warm belt migrates northwestward from the ocean to the land. The moisture rapidly cools down and condenses to form tiny drops of water, forming the rising cumulus clouds. The shelf of the anvil may precede the main cloud's vertical component for many kilometres, and be accompanied by lightning. The cloud starts to spread out when the cooled droplets freeze and overpower the updraft. Various types of cloud occur frequently enough to have been categorized. Clouds are large masses of tiny water droplets (vapors) or ice crystals covered in microscopic dust particles that float in the atmosphere. This ScienceStruck article takes you through some facts, description, and formation of cumulonimbus clouds. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. These cookies do not store any personal information. It is a stage of severe thunderstorms and Supercell tornadoes. Cumulus cloud is the base of formation of a cumulonimbus cloud and also of tornadoes. What say? The thunderstorm is short-lived if the atmospheric conditions are not favorable. They can be seen single or in groups, and mostly in tropical or temperate areas. They shower us with the necessary rainfall that is one of the most important factors for our sustenance on this planet. They are certainly the most impressive, rolling out from over the horizon like a vengeful wave of anger and retribution. Genus of clouds, dense towering vertical cloud associated with thunderstorms and atmospheric instability, "Thundercloud" redirects here. bus. So, the next time you spot a mushroom- or anvil-shaped cloud, you will surely recognize them. Did you know that there are clouds in the shape of an anvil? They are classified as per their appearance and mainly altitudes. The cumulonimbus cloud is formed by water vapour that air currents carry upwards, and these clouds can produce dangerous lightning and severe tornadoes. Strange and unusual, isn’t it? Learn cumulonimbus with free interactive flashcards. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Those are cumulonimbus clouds for you! There are three stages in the formation of cumulonimbus clouds. Cumulonimbus clouds are very large cumulus-type clouds that usually develop cirrus tops and sometimes other features that give them their own unique look. Beyond their fluffy appearance, there is a lot more to know about cumulus clouds -- the most popular clouds of the lot. Cumulonimbus calvus usually produces precipitation; when … Read below to know how. They are low- to middle-level clouds that rise up to as high as 14 miles. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Cumulonimbus clouds bring heavy precipitation combined with lightning and thunder. So, the next time you spot a mushroom- or anvil-shaped cloud, you will surely recognize them. Definition of cumulonimbus. Such a cloud would be known as fog, ice fog, or mist.The types of clouds can be divided into th… Description: Clouds of very tall summits, which lack sharp outlines and are not anvil-shaped. The genera are also grouped into five physical forms. The anvil or mushroom shape is caused due to the strong wind shear or warm air turbulence when the cloud reaches the troposphere. A cumulonimbus cloud is one of the largest clouds formed in Earth's weather patterns. Peaks typically reach to as much as 12,000 m (39,000 ft), with extreme instances as high as 21,000 m (69,000 ft) or more. No other cloud type besides a cumulonimbus cloud can receive a calvus classification. The direction of the anvil cloud indicates the direction of the movement of tornado. This results in precipitation as soon as it rises above the freezing point. Cumulonimbus (Cb) Description: In the middle or lower cloud level developing thundercloud, which mostly up-rises into the upper cloud level. Talking about the appearance and altitudes, the most gigantic and king of clouds is the cumulonimbus cloud. These Facts About the Cumulus Clouds are Freaking Awesome, Nimbus Clouds: Facts That'll Make You Sit Up and Take Notice. The genus types all have Latin names. Origin: The Cumulonimbus always indicates a strong instability to the layering of air with appropriate convection or turbulence. The name was taken from the world cumulus and nimbus. Even the smallest cumulonimbus cloud dwarfs its neighbors in comparison. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Doesn’t it make you curious about their formations and shapes? Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. They can be really fascinating and mesmerizing at times, and make you wonder in awe about the magical phenomena of nature. 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