Vice President of Business Operations & Strategic Accounts, Office of the CEO Some of the cookies are necessary for proper The Joint Chiefs of Staff and the uniformed heads of each armed services branch are well suited to argue for the reality of climate change impacts and for the long-term preparations needed to meet future climate-related threats while avoiding politicizing the topic. This support is relevant in the context of improving agriculture, water management and the resilience of food production systems, among others. The scale of these challenges could easily be underestimated. Security is a multifaceted concept. Climate change as a national security issue In her response, Malini Mehra states that the continued framing of climate change as an environmental issue is a contributing reason for it getting short shrift in terms of policy attention. “It is the intersection of climate with other developments and with other trends and issues that combine to increase the risks.” When evaluating risks of climate change to national security, intelligence analysts should leverage the expertise across the U.S. government as well as accurately measure how countries manage climate risk… Climate security refers to the security risks induced, directly or indirectly, by changes in the natural climate. Since joining BlackBerry in 2009 Neelam has held various positions, based out of the company’s United Kingdom, New York and California offices. The scale of the climate change challenge is so huge, the risks are so complex, and there are so many actors involved, that it is safe to say we have simply never dealt with such a multifaceted risk before. The media focuses on stories that will bring in money through views, clicks and “likes”. The research focuses both on risks and risk management. This think tank works with a range of partners on projects like Global Forest Watch and Resource Watch, which provide new insights into what is happening on our planet. The Swedish teenage climate activist, Greta Thunberg (centre), joins other young people for a school strike or demonstration outside the United Nations Headquarters in New York – 30 August 2019. It has no flag, no leader, no combatants, nor a revolutionary manifesto. Our societies tend to suffer from short-termism and there is a lack of urgency to deal with long-term threats. These devastating events are a stark reminder that climate change is not an issue that can wait, but one we must address now. These challenges are exacerbated by ecosystem losses and climate change impacts. There is a tendency to wait for others to act first, to point at other countries’ contribution to the problem, and to close our eyes, our hearts and our borders to those people who are most affected. Temperatures fluctuations can cause loss of crops because of draught or flooding. report by the U.S. National Security, Military and Intelligence Panel (NSMIP), United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, Making climate change a national security priority, Developing critical infrastructure resilience against climate change risks, Every organization committing to rapidly achieving net zero emissions, Investing in technologies that helps solve sustainability challenges, Pledges to be carbon neutral and to eliminate the use of single-use plastics this year, Investments in technologies that enable sustainability, such as our, Developing solutions to enable national security and critical infrastructure resilience, such as our, Partnerships with public and private sector organizations, including universities, to advance national and global sustainability solutions and targets. An example is the work of the World Resources Institute (WRI). This paper systematically explores the range of possible connections between climate change and security, including national security considerations, human security concerns, military roles, and a discussion of the widely held assumption that climate change may trigger violent conflict. She holds a Bachelor’s degree, with Honors, in Business Management, from the University of Leicester and an Executive Certification in Financial Analysis from the University of California at Berkeley’s Haas School of Business. Meanwhile, floods affect over 100 million people annually. Greta Thunberg’s ‘school strike for climate’ has inspired a global youth protest against the lack of action of their parents’ generation, and other initiatives like the Sunrise movement and Extinction Rebellion have also taken to the streets to demand more action. The human security framework helps international, national and local actors to better coordinate responses to climate change. What is published in NATO Review does not necessarily represent the official position or policy of member governments, or of NATO. The Water Security and Climate Change conference (WSCC) is an annual event where scientists, policy makers and stakeholders from various sectors discuss the diverse facets of water security and its relation to climate variability and change. A classic enemy is fought by the military, while every other institution in a country prepares for the consequences of the enemy’s actions. The need to prepare for a different world. Joe Biden inauguration: Boris Johnson wants to work with Joe Biden on climate change and security A poll revealed Britons expected the new US … Some of the key steps the public and private sectors can take include: Making climate change a national security … There is no legitimate doubt that human activity is accelerating the greenhouse effect, which results in global warming. Water scarcity is expected to rise to unprecedented levels in some regions due to population growth, rapid urbanisation and growing economic demands for water. Alexander Verbeek is a Dutch environmentalist, who has mostly worked on the linkage between security and the earth's accelerating environmental crisis. He warned that “the point of no return is no longer over the horizon; it is in sight and hurtling toward us.”. He has also pledged to integrate climate change into national security decision-making. The exponential growth in resource extraction, use of fossil fuels, production, consumption and waste has contributed to the rise in CO2 emissions, extensive pollution, and loss of biodiversity, impacting all kinds of other processes on the planet. Climate change poses grave risks to humanity in the 21st century; confronting it will require a massive transformation of the world’s energy systems. That means that the slashing or burning of an isolated forest becomes visible practically as it happens, just as reforestation can be tracked and promoted as good practice. UNEP is one of the hosts of another digital data project called the World Environment Situation Room (powered by MapX). Ahead of the COP25 meeting, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said that, so far, the world’s efforts to limit global warming have been “utterly inadequate”. While consensus is building, climate change isn't waiting around. Her responsibilities have included Brand Management, Brand Messaging, Marketing Operations, Go-To-Market planning and Corporate Strategic Initiatives. A growing, but still relatively small part of the public, is beginning to realise this and is calling on governments to act much more decisively. The Valve Turners, on the other hand, take climate change both very seriously and very literally. President-elect Joe Biden is 50 days away from assuming office as commander-in-chief. Tackling climate change requires a global effort, from governments, businesses, communities, and individuals. Then former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry took the floor and addressed what he said — correctly — is the greatest long-term threat to global security: climate change. Climate change has risen up the Security Council agenda in recent years. Increasingly, military experts are voicing their concerns. 2. While climate change does not cause violent conflict, in and of itself, it can through its interaction with other social, political and economic factors have negative impacts on international peace and security. We have yet to see effective and visionary decision-making that could preserve our vulnerable planet from environmental degradation. Billions of people may be faced with high levels of water stress or food scarcity, and many may migrate towards more habitable parts of the planet. There is high agreement that climate change intimidates security where the term ‘security’ can refer to a broad range of securities involving national, international and Human Security. On the other hand, the rapid increase of big data and artificial intelligence (AI) could increase our capacity to forecast future security threats. As Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) stated upon the release of the WMO provisional Statement on the State of the Climate in 2019: “If we do not take urgent climate action now, then we are heading for a temperature increase of more than 3°C by the end of the century, with ever more harmful impacts on human wellbeing.”. Already we are seeing signs of what lies ahead: heatwaves, forest fires and increased destruction by hurricanes, floods and other forms of extreme weather. Conflicts over increasingly scarce natural resources are not a predetermined outcome – they fundamentally depend on factors like institutional and social resources. These data will be packaged into a global dashboard and also offered as environmental intelligence briefs to UN country teams, the UN Security Council and organisations such as NATO. Speaking at the launch of a Special Report on Climate Change and Land by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in Geneva, … Sadly, we are currently too slow in taking action to meet these targets – greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase. He has committed to taking bold, historic action on climate change and has named climate change one of the four crises facing the United States. Governments and businesses are in a particularly impactful position to drive positive change. Our commitments and initiatives, built in-line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, include: The climate change goals we need to accomplish as a global community, for our security and that of future generations, are ambitious. Conclusion Food security and population growth are greatly affected by climate change. In the past few years, the UN Security Council, the European Union and other regional organisations have also increasingly been paying attention to these planetary security challenges, and some actors have developed some initial capacity to address them. Climate change is therefore often described as a ‘risk multiplier’ a ‘fragility amplifier’ or even a ‘catalyst’ of conflict. Climate change will affect access to water, food, and energy — each of which is linked to conflict risk and national security through different channels — as well as patterns and prevalence of infectious disease, the frequency and scale of humanitarian crises, and human migration patterns. The human factor, in particular, is difficult to predict: what decisions will be taken by individuals and governments when confronted with climate change? We have successfully dealt with huge threats in the past. We have more and more digital data about the state of our planet. Hearing on climate change and national security becomes an angry partisan clash (April 9, 2019) Germany pushes climate change as security risk (April 6, 2019) White House climate panel to include a climate denialist (February 20, 2019) U.N. warns climate change impacts security, U.S. ignores link (January 26, 2019) The pathways through which these risks manifest is highly contextual and determined by the interaction between climatic hazards, exposure, and, most importantly, the … BlackBerry uses cookies to help make our website better. In another sign that the Department of Defense (DoD) is prioritizing climate security risks, the annual Inspector General (IG) summary of the Department’s top management challenges explicitly discusses climate change and extreme weather events. Future historians may find it hard to explain why we acted so late to prepare for these planetary security challenges. We do not have the luxury to postpone effective climate action any longer. 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